Saturday, January 14, 2012

Napolean Bonaparte Y-DNA E1b1b1c1

An 1806 French print depicts Napoleon Bonaparte emancipating the Jews.

Finding of the determination of the Y-haplogroup of French Emperor Napoléon I (Napoléon Bonaparte). DNA was extracted from two islands of follicular sheaths located at the basis of two of his beard hairs, conserved in the Vivant Denon reliquary. The Y-haplogroup of Napoléon I, determined by the study of 10 NRY-SNPs (non-recombinant Y-single nucleotide polymorphisms), is E1b1b1c1*. Charles Napoléon, the current collateral male descendant of Napoléon I, belongs to this same Y-haplogroup; his Y-STR profile was determined by using a set of 37 NRY-STRs (non-recombinant Y-microsatellites).

Monday, January 9, 2012

E1b1b1 M35.1 - Magdalenian, Aurignacian and Kebaran Cultures 20,000 years ago.

Magdalenian people dwelt not just in caves but also used tents like this one of Pincevent (France). 20,000 years ago, contemporary and neighbors to the Aurignacian were the Magdalenian ….

The Magdalenian (French: Magdalénien), refers to one of the later cultures of the Upper Paleolithic in western Europe, dating from around 17,000 BP to 9,000 BP. It is named after the type site of La Madeleine, a rock shelter located in the Vézère valley, commune of Tursac, in the Dordogne department of France. In Hebrew מגדל Migdal means "tower", "fortress"; in Aramaic, "Magdala" means "tower" or "elevated, great, magnificent"
Magdalene - La Madeleine, Vézère valley,Tursac, in the Dordogne, France

Synoptic Table of the Principal Old World Prehistoric Cultures

Origins of E1b1b1-M35.1 from the Middle East 20,000 years ago... Aurignacian

National Geographic updated the Y-DNA E1b1b1-M35.1 with the comment " the defining marker of haplogroup E1b1b1, gave rise to marker M35.1, the ancestor of all M35.1 was born around 20,000 years ago in the Middle East. … "

So I looked up to see who was in the Middle East 20,000 years ago (or older) and found that the people were called, "Aurignacian" in the Levant (Present day Israel) Wikipedia : Aurignacian
The people of this culture produced some of the earliest known cave art, such as the animal engravings at Aldène and the paintings at Chauvet cave in southern France. They also made pendants, bracelets and ivory beads, and three-dimensional figurines. Bâtons de commandement are also found at their sites.
The term Aurignacian comes from the Aurignac : commune in the Haute-Garonne in southwestern France on the edge of the Pyrénées. It is the seat of the canton of Aurignac (population 4,160), which is composed of 19 communes. It is part of the ancient region known as the Comminges.
Wikipedia : Aurignac
Aurignac is best known for the 1860 discovery, by Édouard Lartet, of prehistoric remains in nearby caves, at the Abri préhistorique d'Aurignac, which led to the definition of the Aurignacian culture. The Aurignacian culture has been called the first modern humans in Europe. The exact origins of the town are not defined, although the 1957 discovery of the remains of a Roman habitation, with a well-preserved bath-house, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from the present-day town suggests that the area was inhabited during the Gallo-Roman period.

E1b1b1-m35.1 comes from the Middle East - Kebaran 20,000 years ago.

The National Geographic Genographic Project states that the man who gave rise to marker M35.1, was born around 20,000 years ago in the Middle East.... So then, who was in the Middle East 20,000 years ago ?

The Kebaran or Kebarian culture was an archaeological culture in the eastern Mediterranean area (c. 18,000 to 10,000 BC), named after its type site, Kebara Cave south of Haifa. The Kebaran were a highly mobile nomadic population, composed of hunters and gatherers in the Levant and Sinai areas who utilized microlithic tools.

The Kebaran is the last Upper Paleolithic phase of the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine). The Kebarans were characterized by small, geometric microliths, and were thought to lack the specialized grinders and pounders found in later Near Eastern cultures.

The Kebaran is preceded by the Athlitian phase of the Antelian and followed by the proto-agrarian Natufian culture of the Mesolithic. The Kebaran is also characterised by the earliest collecting of wild cereals, known due to the uncovering of grain grinding tools. It was the first step towards the Neolithic Revolution. The Kebaran people are believed to have practiced dispersal to upland environments in the summer, and aggregation in caves and rockshelters near lowland lakes in the winter. This diversity of environments may be the reason for the variety of tools found in their toolkits.

Situated in the Terminal Pleistocene, the Kebaran is classified as an Epipalaeolithic society. They are generally thought to have been ancestral to the later Natufian culture that occupied much of the same range.... Wikipedia: Kebaran